Yoga covers a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. There is a broad variety of Yoga schools, practices, and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and even Taoism. Among the most well-known types of Yoga are Hatha Yoga, Raja Yoga, Kundalini Yoga, Tantra Yoga, Yin Yoga, Yoga Nidra, Karma Yoga and Bhakti Yoga.
The origins of Yoga are dating back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions. Its first mention, known to us today, is mentioned in the Rigveda Yoga. Gurus from India later introduced Yoga to the west, following the success of Swami Vivekananda in the late 19th and early 20th century. In the 1980s, Yoga became popular as a system of physical exercise across the Western world. Yoga in Indian traditions, however, is more than physical exercise; it has a meditative and spiritual core. One of the six major orthodox schools of Hinduism, is also called Yoga, which has its own epistemology and metaphysics, and is closely related to Hindu Samkhya philosophy.
On December 1st, 2016, Yoga was listed as UNESCO’s Intangible cultural heritage.